The Scroll

The Ten Paramita or Barame

As we human beings seek the path toward our highest potential in life there are 10 “perfections”, or the virtues of being a human being that we cultivate as we purify ourselves day after day of past Karmic History, while serving others and the planet.

In the Buddha Dharma these 10 perfections are called the 10 Paramita in Sanskrit , or in Thai language the Barame Sip. I find these 10 Paramita to be some of the most practical teachings for daily life.

Here are the 10 Barame with what they stand for. Please note that with every translation there is always some variation in meaning.

Dana-Charity – Every time we give of ourselves without expecting something in return, this is dana.

Sila-Morals/Ethics or pronounced Sin – Living life according to human morals, and ethics,  conducting ourselves with honor, self-respect, honesty and kindness, dignity and sincere thoughtfulness.

NekkhammaRenunciation – We renounce anything that gets in the way of extending our goodness, of what is right and just; we let go of that which we don’t need in our lives, which holds us back from following our highest good, as highest truth.

Panna-Wisdom – We seek wisdom and insight, seeing things clearly from a portal of emptiness, a place of selflessness, where wisdom generates from a peaceful state of mind.

Viriya-Energy – Having focused energy for a worthy cause, being diligent and putting immense effort into something of special value.

KhantiPatience – Being patient with self and being tolerant with all others; learning how to accept the people and things we cannot change and have prolonged endurance and enthusiasm to change the things we are able to.

Sacca-Truth — To always be truthful and honest with ourselves, and with those who can appreciate, learn and prosper from it. Also, it is important to evaluate when it is acceptable to show honesty and when it can be life threatening to you or someone else.

Adhittana-Determination – To have determination, resolve and dedication to a cause that serves others and the planet.

Metta-Love – To express loving kindness, gratitude, reverence, and sincerity for life.

Upekkha-Equanimity – Once again we have the teaching of Equanimity, or knowing when to let go, be at peace with someone, or some situation; being able to see that it is time to walk away. Again, being free.

According to Wikipedia:

“A more creative yet widely reported etymology divides pāramitā into pāra and mita, with pāra meaning “beyond,” “the further bank, shore or boundary,” and mita, meaning “that which has arrived,” or ita meaning “that which goes.” Pāramitā, then means “that which has gone beyond,” “that which goes beyond,” or “transcendent.”

This reading is reflected in the Tibetan translation pha rol tu phyin pa (“gone to the other side”)

I feel it is appropriate to add one of my most favorite Christian teachings on love to this section on the Paramita:


“Love is always patient and kind. It is never jealous. Love is never boastful or conceited. It is never rude or selfish. It does not take offense and is not resentful.

“Love takes no pleasure in other people’s sins. Rather it delights in truth. It is always ready to excuse, to trust, hope; and to endure whatever comes.”